The book consists of 21 parts that discuss the developments in economy, finance and politics, theoretically and empirically. There are four main sections: Economics, Banking Sector, Stock Exchange and Financial Markets. Economics sections have six sub sections as monetary policy, economic growth, current deficit, international services trade, Eurasion economic union and public share. The second part of the book consists of six sub sections about the banking sector that is fundamental to the economic structure and the main actor of the financial sector. This main sector discusses the efficiency and performance of the banking sector and also shadow banking. In addition, the banking sector is analysed in the Islamic banking area. Furthermore, the interaction of the banking sector and technological developments are emphasized in a separate section in this part.